We have listed some of the more common vision problems below. If you think you or one of your family members has one of these problems, please contact Dr. Fydell’s office for a comprehensive eye exam and his recommendations and treatment.
Astigmatism is an uneven or irregular curvature of the cornea or lens which results in blurred or distorted vision both for distance and reading.
Most people have some degree of astigmatism which is usually present at birth and is believed to be hereditary. Small amounts of astigmatism can be acquired throughout life and may benefit from correction.
Correction of astigmatism is not difficult in most instances and prescription glasses can be ordered that counteract or offset the distortion to the cornea.
Farsightedness, medically known as hyperopia, is a condition in which distant objects are frequently seen clearly but with strain and near objects are often blurred and strained. The extra effort required to focus may produce symptoms like headaches, tired eyes, burning eyes or tension. In mild cases where no complaints are experienced often no treatment is indicated however if visual performance is affected, Dr. Fydell may recommend glasses or contact lenses. Laser vision can be utilized in certain situations.
Children with this problem may have no symptoms. Young children tend to be farsighted to some degree although the severity lessens as they age and the eye grows and becomes longer. Children with farsightedness can often see both distant and close objects because the youthful strength of their lenses, thus showing no symptoms. However, a child with more severe farsightedness may have headaches, rub their eyes often, have trouble or even avoid reading.
Treatment is not necessary for small amounts of hyperopia where no symptoms are evident. Higher amounts are best treated with eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Nearsightedness, medically known as myopia, refers to vision where near objects are seen clearly but distant objects are blurred. This is a very common condition with usually no discomfort; however, squinting at distant objects to see better is a clue that often leads patients to seek an eye exam. Very often difficulty with night driving can be an early clue that myopia is affecting vision.
School aged children can often be identified as myopic when sitting at the back of the classroom squinting at the teacher at the front. Very rarely will children complain about blurred vision so often it is discovered during a comprehensive eye exam.
Common treatments include eyeglasses and contacts lenses. Laser vision can be useful in certain situations after the eyeglass prescription has stabilized.
Presbyopia ("the Forties Syndrome")
Aging eyes, medically known as presbyopia, is a condition where as people age; they often begin to have difficulty focusing their eyes for reading or close work. It usually affects people over the age of thirty eight as the eye starts to lose some of its flexibility.
This condition is easily corrected with eye glasses of increasing strength as a person ages. Several types of corrective lenses, including bifocals, trifocals or progressive addition lenses and single-vision reading glasses may be prescribed to alleviate presbyopia in this age group. Contact lenses can be utilized in certain situations however glasses are the preferred treatment.
All information is provided for educational purposes and is not meant as a substitute for advice from your optometrist. Therefore, we assume no responsibility for any omissions or errors in the content.